Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. 20 Dec  2008 Dec p.  548-558
DOI:

CantasTM – a tool for the efficient harvesting of oil palm fresh fruit bunches

Author(s): ABDUL RAZAK Jelani * ; AHMAD Hitam * ; JOHARI Jamak * ; MALIK Noor * ; YOSRI Gono * ; OMAR Ariffin **

The Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB) has developed a motorized cutter popularly known as CantasTM for harvesting fresh fruit bunches (FFB) at less than 4.5 m height. CantasTM is a hand-held cutter powered by a 1.3 hp petrol engine.
Trials carried out on CantasTM revealed that the productivity of the machine was 560 to 750 bunches per day (equivalent to 9.50 to 12.6 t day-1 at a bunch weight of 17 kg). The productivity very much depends on the cropping level, the topography of the estate and the operator’s skills. By comparison, the productivity of manual harvesting (using a conventional sickle) is only 250 to 350 bunches per day (4.20 to 6.00 t day-1). Therefore, the productivity of CantasTM is equivalent to two to three human harvesters. Using CantasTM, the estate would be able to reduce 50% of its labour requirement in the harvesting operation. Another advantage of this cutter is that the terrain or topography of estates does not restrict its usage. Saving on fringe benefits amounts to RM 238 120 per year or RM 29 765 per person due to savings in housing, housing maintenance, levy, electricity and water bills, and medical leave.
As for the economics of the machine, based on the machine cost of RM 4500 per unit plus its operational, repair and maintenance costs, the harvesting cost comes to about RM 22.10 t-1. The cost-effectiveness was calculated at RM 0.70 t-1.

Keywords: , , , ,

Author Information
* Malaysian Palm Oil Board, P. O. Box 10620, 50720 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
E-mail: razak@mpob.gov.my

** EPA Tereh Selatan Estate, 86009 Kluang, Johor, Malaysia.


Cited By

(6)
1. Aramide, B. P., O. K. Owolarafe, and N. A. Adeyemi. "Comparative Evaluation of the Performance of Motorized and Pole and Knife Oil Palm Fruit Bunch Harvester." Agricultural Engineering International: CIGR Journal, Vol. 17, No. 4, 2015:165-172.
2. Azhar, F., et al. "Initial Progress and Possible Improvement of E-Cutter Linear Actuator Development." PECon 2012 - 2012 IEEE International Conference on Power and Energy, 2012, doi:10.1109/PECon.2012.6450353.
3. Azhar, F., et al. "Structure Optimization of a 6 Slot 8 Pole Permanent Magnet Linear Motor." 7th IET International Conference on Power Electronics, Machines and Drives, PEMD 2014 , 2014.
4. Guturu, K., et al. "Design and Fabrication of Prototype Telescopic Raising Platform for Harvesting Oil Palm Fresh Fruit Bunches." Indian Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. 8, No. 17, 2015, doi:10.17485/ijst/2015/v8i17/71350.
5. Ludin, N. A., et al. "Malaysian Oil Palm Plantation Sector: Exploiting Renewable Energy Toward Sustainability Production." Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 65, 2014:9-15, doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2013.11.063.
6. Noordin, M. N. A., et al. "Development of Standard Approach for Sickle Blade Manufacturing." International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 6, No. 5, 2016:740-745, doi:10.18517/ijaseit.6.5.960.


Source: Scopus
Last Updated: 30 May 2017

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