Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. 35 (3) September 2023, p. 538-542 NUR WAKHID1* and TAKASHI HIRANO2
Received: 17 April 2022 Accepted: 21 September 2022 Published Online: 19 October 2022
Up to now, many studies have been trying to reveal the impact of oil palm plantations on tropical peat on the global carbon (C) balance. Although there are some publications on soil respiration in oil palm plantations on peat soil, information on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from palm litter (pruned fronds) decomposition is limited. Therefore, we quantified the CO2 emissions through frond decomposition in two different mature oil palm plantations established on peat, an industrial plantation in Riau and a smallholder plantation in Jambi, Indonesia. Frond decomposition was measured using a litter bag method and the decomposition rate constant was determined using a negative exponential equation. Annual CO2 emissions from frond decomposition were estimated at 1.48 and 1.12 Mg C ha−1 yr−1, respectively, in industrial and smallholder plantations. As a result, CO2 emissions from frond decomposition accounted for 10%-14% of heterotrophic respiration from mature oil palm plantations on tropical peat.KEYWORDS:
1 Research Center for Ecology and Ethnobiology,
National Research and Innovation Agency,
16911, Cibinong, Bogor, Indonesia.
2 Research Faculty of Agriculture,Hokkaido University,
060-8589, Sapporo, Japan.
* Corresponding author e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org