Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol.   p.  
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21894/jopr.2021.0020

DOES PALM MID FRACTION AFFECT ADULT SATIETY?

Author(s): VOON, P T*; TOH, S W H**; NG, T K W‡; LEE, V K M**; YONG, X S**; YAP, S Y* and NESARETNAM, K‡‡

Dietary fats with different melting characteristics, fatty acids chain length and positional distribution may affect postprandial gut hormones and satiety response. We investigated the effects of palm mid fraction (PMF) (POP-rich), shea stearin (SS) (SOS-rich) and high oleic sunflower oil (HOSF) (OOO-rich) with either palmitic, stearic or oleic acid predominance at the sn-1 and sn-3 positions on gut hormone concentrations and satiety. A randomised, double-blind crossover (3 × 3 arms) orthogonal Latin-square study was conducted on 36 healthy adults (18 males, 18 females; average aged 23 years). Each subject received ~50 g of test fat incorporated in a muffin in random order, two weeks apart, over a six-week period. Blood samples were collected for a 3-hr period. We found that PMF- and HOSF-rich diets with either palmitic or oleic acid at the sn-1 and sn-3 positions exerted significantly higher (P<0.05) postprandial glucose dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) compared to SS-rich diet. However, plasma glucagon like-peptide 1 (GLP-1), peptide YY (PYY), ghrelin and visual analogue scale (VAS) (P>0.05) were not affected. These results suggested that PMF- and HOSF-rich diets increased the secretion of GIP that may promote satiety response in human adults.

Keywords: , , , , , , ,

Author Information
* Malaysian Palm Oil Board, 6 Persiaran Institusi, Bandar Baru Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.
E-mail: vptee@mpob.gov.my

** International Medical University (IMU), 126, Jalan Jalil Perkasa 19, Bukit Jalil, 57000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

‡ Department of Allied Health Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, 31900 Kampar, Perak, Malaysia.

‡‡ Jalan Kelab Golf 13, 40100 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.


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