Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. 34 (2) June 2022, p. 276-288 MOHAMED MAZMIRA MOHD MASRI1*; NOORHAZWANI KAMARUDIN1; NUR ROBAATUL MOHD ALI NAPIAH1 and MOHD FAHMI KENI1
Received: 10 February 2021 Accepted: 26 August 2021 Published Online: 23 November 2021
Bagworms have been a severe threat to the oil palm industry and have endangered mostly smallholdings. Thus, aerial spraying of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) based bioinsecticides using an agricultural drone was carried out to control the bagworm infestation at a severely infested oil palm smallholding located in Sepang, Selangor, Malaysia. The drone was equipped with VP110 nozzle at the pressure of 0.2 MPa with a permanent speed of 2.8 m s–1. The flying height was set 2 m above the canopy. The first round of drone spraying conducted on 4 July 2017 has successfully reduced the larval population of the bagworm, Metisa plana from 304.5 larvae per frond (LPF) at 0 days after treatment (DAT) to 12.1 LPF at 28 DAT, resulting to 96% reduction in the larval numbers. However, some of the larvae survived to the pupal stage, with approximately 64.52 pupae per frond (PPF) recorded at 28 DAT. The second drone spraying conducted on 27 August 2017 has effectively decreased the larval number from 109.25 LPF at 0 DAT to 9.3 LPF at 28 DAT, resulting in 91.5% of larvae reduction with zero pupae recorded. The results showed a great potential of drone aerial spraying in controlling bagworms at oil palm planting areas.KEYWORDS:
1 Malaysian Palm Oil Board,
6 Persiaran Institusi, Bandar Baru Bangi,
43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.
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