Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. 22  2010 August p.  781-795
DOI:

Genetic performance of 40 Deli dura x AVROS pisifera full-sib families

Author(s): NOH Ahmad * ; RAFII, M.Y. ** ; SALLEH, G ** ; AHMAD KUSHAIRI *

A total of 40 oil palm dura x pisifera progenies were planted on inland soil of the Serdang Series in Malaysia. They were evaluated for fresh fruit bunch (FFB), fruit components and agronomic traits. FFB production for the majority of the progenies was reasonably good for inland soil, ranging from 77.99 to 162.37 kg palm-1 yr-1. Analysis of variance showed no significant difference among the progenies, indicating lack of genetic variability for FFB and its components except average bunch weight (ABW). This was further supported by the low genotypic coefficient of variation (GCV), phenotypic coefficient of variation (PCV) and broad-sense heritability (hB 2). However, greater genetic control was observed in the fruit components and agronomic traits. For example, the genetic variation for mesocarp to fruit (M/F) and shell to fruit (S/F) ratios contributed more than 40% to the phenotypic variation of the characters. Among the vegetative traits, leaflet length (LL) and rachis length (RL) exhibited similar magnitude in their GCV to PCV contribution. The lack of variability in some of the characters in these materials may be an obstacle to future breeding and selection. Introgression with new materials from the germplasm collection will likely broaden their genetic base for future breeding and improvement.

Keywords: , , ,

Author Information
* Malaysian Palm Oil Board, P. O. Box 10620, 50720 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
E-mail: noha@mpob.gov.my

** Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.


Cited By

(7)
1. Corley, R. H. V., and P. B. Tinker. "The Oil Palm: Fifth Edition.", 2015, doi:10.1002/9781118953297.
2. Gomes, R. A., et al. "Bunch Yield of Interspecific Hybrids of American Oil Palm with Oil Palm in the Juvenile Phase." Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology, Vol. 16, No. 2, 2016:86-94, doi:10.1590/1984-70332016v16n2a14.
3. Junaidah, J., et al. "Performance of Tenera Oil Palm Population Derived from Crosses between Deli Dura and Pisifera from Different Sources on Inland Soils." Journal of Oil Palm Research, 23(DECEMBER), 2011:1210-1221.
4. Krualee, S., et al. "Correlation and Path Analysis of Palm Oil Yield Components in Oil Palm (Elaeis Guineensis Jacq.)." Kasetsart Journal - Natural Science, Vol. 47, No. 4, 2013:528-533.
5. Noh, A., et al. "Variability and Performance Evaluation of Introgressed Nigerian Dura x Deli Dura Oil Palm Progenies." Genetics and Molecular Research, Vol. 13, No. 2, 2014:2426-2437, doi:10.4238/2014.April.3.15.
6. Rafii, M. Y., et al. "Variation in Yield Components and Vegetative Traits in Malaysian Oil Palm (Elaeis Guineensis Jacq.) dura×pisifera Hybrids Under various Planting Densities." Industrial Crops and Products, Vol. 46, 2013:147-157, doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2012.12.054.
7. Rafii, M. Y., et al. "Stability Analysis of Oil Yield in Oil Palm (Elaeis Guineensis) Progenies in Different Environments." Genetics and Molecular Research, Vol. 11, No. 4, 2012:3629-3641, doi:10.4238/2012.October.4.10


Source: Scopus
Last Updated: 30 May 2017

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