Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. 22  2010 December p.  927-933
Life cycle assessment for the production and use of palm biodiesel (Part 5)

Author(s): PUAH Chiew Wei* ; CHOO Yuen May* ; MA Ah Ngan**

In Malaysia, the major con­sumers of energy are the indus­trial and trans­port sec­tors. The demand is expected to increase steadily in tan­dem with the growth of the econ­omy. As such, alter­na­tive sources of energy need to be devel­oped, in par­tic­u­lar energy from renew­able sources, to meet the energy require­ments. Fatty acid methyl esters, com­monly known as biodiesel, derived from oils and fats have long been known as a poten­tial diesel sub­sti­tute. Biodiesel is suit­able to be used neat or blended with petro­leum diesel in any pro­por­tion in an unmod­i­fied diesel engine. How­ever, the many con­cerns related to the emis­sions from the pro­duc­tion and use of biodiesel have been dis­cussed glob­ally. Thus, this life cycle assess­ment study was con­ducted to inves­ti­gate the envi­ron­men­tal impacts from the pro­duc­tion and use of palm biodiesel pro­duced using MPOB’s pro­duc­tion tech­nol­ogy. The results show that the envi­ron­men­tal impact from the pro­duc­tion of palm biodiesel is related to the use of methanol, while the use of palm biodiesel con­tributes to the impact cat­e­gories of res­pi­ra­tory inor­gan­ics and acidification/eutrophication. In spite of these, the pro­duc­tion and use of palm biodiesel is more environmental-friendly as com­pared to petro­leum diesel.

Keywords: , , ,

Author Information
* Malaysian Palm Oil Board, P. O. Box 10620, 50720 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
E-mail: cwpuah@mpob.gov.my

** 39 Jalan 3, Taman Bukit Cantik, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.


Cited By

1. Burri, B. J. "Evaluating Global Barriers to the use of Red Palm Oil as an Intervention Food to Prevent Vitamin A Deficiency." Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety 11(2) (2012): 221-232.

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9. Shamim Ahmad, M., et al. "Life Cycle Assessment for Oil Palm Based Plywood: A Gate-to-Gate Case Study." American Journal of Environmental Sciences 10(1) (2014): 86-93.

10. Silalertruksa, T., and S. H. Gheewala. "Environmental Sustainability Assessment of Palm Biodiesel Production in Thailand." Energy 43(1) (2012): 306-314.

11. Noël, J. A., P. M. Allred, and M. A. White. "Life Cycle Assessment of Two Biologically Produced Phase Change Materials and their Related Products." International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 20(3) (2015): 367-376.

12. Zolkarnain, N., et al. "Environmental Performance of Palmbased Methyl Ester Sulphonates Production using Life Cycle Approach." Journal of Oil Palm Research 28(1) (2016): 104-113

Source: Scopus
Last updated: 27 June 2016

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