Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. 22  2010 December p.  927-933

Life cycle assessment for the production and use of palm biodiesel (Part 5)

Author(s): PUAH Chiew Wei* ; CHOO Yuen May* ; MA Ah Ngan**

In Malaysia, the major con­sumers of energy are the indus­trial and trans­port sec­tors. The demand is expected to increase steadily in tan­dem with the growth of the econ­omy. As such, alter­na­tive sources of energy need to be devel­oped, in par­tic­u­lar energy from renew­able sources, to meet the energy require­ments. Fatty acid methyl esters, com­monly known as biodiesel, derived from oils and fats have long been known as a poten­tial diesel sub­sti­tute. Biodiesel is suit­able to be used neat or blended with petro­leum diesel in any pro­por­tion in an unmod­i­fied diesel engine. How­ever, the many con­cerns related to the emis­sions from the pro­duc­tion and use of biodiesel have been dis­cussed glob­ally. Thus, this life cycle assess­ment study was con­ducted to inves­ti­gate the envi­ron­men­tal impacts from the pro­duc­tion and use of palm biodiesel pro­duced using MPOB’s pro­duc­tion tech­nol­ogy. The results show that the envi­ron­men­tal impact from the pro­duc­tion of palm biodiesel is related to the use of methanol, while the use of palm biodiesel con­tributes to the impact cat­e­gories of res­pi­ra­tory inor­gan­ics and acidification/eutrophication. In spite of these, the pro­duc­tion and use of palm biodiesel is more environmental-friendly as com­pared to petro­leum diesel.

Keywords: , , ,

Author Information
* Malaysian Palm Oil Board, P. O. Box 10620, 50720 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

** 39 Jalan 3, Taman Bukit Cantik, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.

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Source: Scopus
Last updated: 22 May 2017

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