Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. 22  2010 December p.  878-886
DOI:

Life cycle assessment of oil palm seedling production (Part 1)

Author(s): HALIMAH Muhammad* ; ZULKIFLI Hashim* ; SUBRAMANIAM, Vijaya* ; TAN Yew Ai* ; PUAH Chiew Wei* ; CHONG Chiew Let ; CHOO Yuen May*

The oil palm nursery is the first link in the palm oil supply chain where oil palm seedlings are produced for the cultivation of palms in plantations. One seedling is the defined functional unit. This article outlines the environmental impacts, identified using life cycle assessment (LCA), associated with the production of a single seedling, and the proposed mitigation measures. LCA is a cradle-to-gate study which starts at the pre-nursery stage, proceeding to the main nursery before subsequent transplantation of the seedlings in the plantation. An audit on electricity, diesel, fertilizers, pesticides, polybags and water consumption was carried out using data obtained from a questionnaire on the life cycle inventory of seedling production. The information obtained was then verified by follow-up site visits. The life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) was carried out for a single seedling produced, using the SimaPro software version 7.1 and the Eco indicator 99 methodology. Polyvinylchloride (PVC) pipes were also included in the study. Ecotoxicity was found to be the major impact category followed by fossil fuel and respiratory inorganics.

Keywords: , , , ,

Author Information
* Malaysian Palm Oil Board, P. O. Box 10620, 50720 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
E-mail: halimah@mpob.gov.my


Cited By

(15)
1. Choo, Y. M., et al. "Determination of GHG Contributions by Subsystems in the Oil Palm Supply Chain using the LCA Approach." International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 16(7) (2011): 669-681.
2. Halimah, M., et al. "Determination of Life Cycle Inventory and Greenhouse Gas Emissions for a Selected Oil Palm Nursery in Malaysia: A Case Study." Journal of Oil Palm Research 25(DEC) (2013): 343-347.
3. Hashim, Z., et al. "Water Footprint: Part 2 - FFB Production for Oil Palm Planted in Malaysia." Journal of Oil Palm Research 26(4) (2014): 282-291.
4. Muhamad, H., et al. "Life Cycle Assessment for the Production of Oil Palm Seeds." Tropical Life Sciences Research 25(2) (2014): 41-51.
5. Muhamad, H., et al. "Water Footprint: Part 1 - Production of Oil Palm Seedlings in Peninsular Malaysia." Journal of Oil Palm Research 26(4) (2014): 273-81.
6. Puah, C. W., Y. M. Choo, and S. H. Ong. "Production of Palm Oil with Methane Avoidance at Palm Oil Mill: A Case Study of Cradle-to-Gate Life Cycle Assessment." American Journal of Applied Sciences 10(11) (2013): 1351-1355.
7. Shamim Ahmad, M., et al. "Life Cycle Assessment for Oil Palm Based Plywood: A Gate-to-Gate Case Study." American Journal of Environmental Sciences 10(1) (2014): 86-93.
8. Zolkarnain, N., et al. "Evaluation of Environmental Impacts and GHG of Palm Polyol Production using Life Cycle Assessment Approach." Journal of Oil Palm Research 27(2) (2015): 144-155.
9. Lim, C. I., and W. Biswas. "An Evaluation of Holistic Sustainability Assessment Framework for Palm Oil Production in Malaysia." Sustainability (Switzerland) 7(12) (2015): 16561-16587.
10. Zolkarnain, N., et al. "Environmental Performance of Palmbased Methyl Ester Sulphonates Production using Life Cycle Approach." Journal of Oil Palm Research 28(1) (2016): 104-113.
11. Subramaniam, V. "Quantification of Greenhouse Gas Emissions for the Production of Crude Palm Kernel Oil - A Cradle to Gate Study." Journal of Oil Palm Research 28(3) (2016): 359-365.
12. Martinez, S., et al. "The Impact of Palm Oil Feedstock within the LCA of a Bio-Sourced Cosmetic Cream." Journal of Cleaner Production 145 (2017): 348-360.
13. Maznah, Z., M. Halimah, and S. Ismail. "Adsorption-Desorption Behavior of Thiram: Effect of Soil Type, Temperature and pH." Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research 76(3) (2016): 371-377.
14. Arshad, F., Y. A. Tan, and S. Yusoff. "A Cradle-to-Gate Study of GHG Emissions from the Transportation of Palm Oil, Palm Olein and Palm Stearin using the Life Cycle Assessment Approach." Journal of Oil Palm Research 29(1) (2017):120-129
15. Nusaibah, S. A., G. Saad, and T. G. Hun. "Antagonistic Efficacy of Trichoderma Harzianum and Bacillus Cereus Against Ganoderma Disease of Oil Palm Via Dip, Place and Drench (DPD) Artificial Inoculation Technique." International Journal of Agriculture and Biology Vol. 19, No. 2 (2017):299-306, doi:10.17957/IJAB/15.0280.

Source: Scopus
Last updated: 22 May 2017

Call For Papers

Search for:

Most cited articles


SIGN UP To JOPR MAILING LIST

Subscribe with us to get the latest information on Palm Oil Research from MPOB today!