Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. 22  2010 December p.  878-886
DOI:

Life cycle assessment of oil palm seedling production (Part 1)

Author(s): HALIMAH Muhammad* ; ZULKIFLI Hashim* ; SUBRAMANIAM, Vijaya* ; TAN Yew Ai* ; PUAH Chiew Wei* ; CHONG Chiew Let ; CHOO Yuen May*

The oil palm nurs­ery is the first link in the palm oil sup­ply chain where oil palm seedlings are pro­duced for the cul­ti­va­tion of palms in plan­ta­tions. One seedling is the defined func­tional unit. This arti­cle out­lines the envi­ron­men­tal impacts, iden­ti­fied using life cycle assess­ment (LCA), asso­ci­ated with the pro­duc­tion of a sin­gle seedling, and the pro­posed mit­i­ga­tion mea­sures. LCA is a cradle-to-gate study which starts at the pre-nursery stage, pro­ceed­ing to the main nurs­ery before sub­se­quent trans­plan­ta­tion of the seedlings in the plan­ta­tion. An audit on elec­tric­ity, diesel, fer­til­iz­ers, pes­ti­cides, poly­bags and water con­sump­tion was car­ried out using data obtained from a ques­tion­naire on the life cycle inven­tory of seedling pro­duc­tion. The infor­ma­tion obtained was then ver­i­fied by follow-up site vis­its. The life cycle impact assess­ment (LCIA) was car­ried out for a sin­gle seedling pro­duced, using the SimaPro soft­ware ver­sion 7.1 and the Eco indi­ca­tor 99 method­ol­ogy. Polyvinylchlo­ride (PVC) pipes were also included in the study. Eco­tox­i­c­ity was found to be the major impact cat­e­gory fol­lowed by fos­sil fuel and res­pi­ra­tory inorganics.

Keywords: , , , ,

Author Information
* Malaysian Palm Oil Board, P. O. Box 10620, 50720 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
E-mail: halimah@mpob.gov.my


Cited By

(13)
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7. Shamim Ahmad, M., et al. "Life Cycle Assessment for Oil Palm Based Plywood: A Gate-to-Gate Case Study." American Journal of Environmental Sciences 10(1) (2014): 86-93.
8. Zolkarnain, N., et al. "Evaluation of Environmental Impacts and GHG of Palm Polyol Production using Life Cycle Assessment Approach." Journal of Oil Palm Research 27(2) (2015): 144-155.
9. Lim, C. I., and W. Biswas. "An Evaluation of Holistic Sustainability Assessment Framework for Palm Oil Production in Malaysia." Sustainability (Switzerland) 7(12) (2015): 16561-16587.
10. Zolkarnain, N., et al. "Environmental Performance of Palmbased Methyl Ester Sulphonates Production using Life Cycle Approach." Journal of Oil Palm Research 28(1) (2016): 104-113.
11. Subramaniam, V. "Quantification of Greenhouse Gas Emissions for the Production of Crude Palm Kernel Oil - A Cradle to Gate Study." Journal of Oil Palm Research 28(3) (2016): 359-365.
12. Martinez, S., et al. "The Impact of Palm Oil Feedstock within the LCA of a Bio-Sourced Cosmetic Cream." Journal of Cleaner Production 145 (2017): 348-360.
13. Maznah, Z., M. Halimah, and S. Ismail. "Adsorption-Desorption Behavior of Thiram: Effect of Soil Type, Temperature and pH." Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research 76(3) (2016): 371-377.


Source: Scopus
Last updated: 24 February 2017

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