Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. 22  2010 December p.  913-926

Life cycle assessment of refined palm oil production and fractionation (Part 4)

Author(s): TAN Yew Ai* ; HALIMAH Muhammad* ; ZULKIFLI Hashim* ; SUBRAMANIAM, Vijaya* ; PUAH Chiew Wei* ; CHONG Chiew Let* ; MA Ah Ngan **; CHOO Yuen May*

With the increas­ing global atten­tion to sus­tain­able devel­op­ment, the envi­ron­men­tal and social rel­e­vance of palm oil pro­duc­tion are now defin­ing issues in respon­si­ble trade. The life cycle assess­ment (LCA) study on refined palm oil (RPO) and its frac­tion­ated prod­ucts is part of the sus­tain­able solu­tion pro­vided by the Malaysian palm oil indus­try. The study was con­ducted accord­ing to estab­lished ISO (Inter­na­tional Stan­dards Orga­ni­za­tion stan­dards) for LCA. The sys­tem model for this LCA study was devel­oped and ana­lyzed using SimaPro soft­ware, and the Eco-indicator 99 method­ol­ogy was used for the life cycle impact assess­ment (LCIA).
An aver­age of 1.05 t of crude palm oil (CPO) is required for the pro­duc­tion of 1 t of RPO. The great­est envi­ron­men­tal bur­den aris­ing from refin­ing is from CPO, and con­se­quently from RPO for frac­tion­a­tion to pro­duce refined palm olein (RPOo) and palm stearin (RPOs). This is fol­lowed by boiler fuel com­bus­tion and the trans­port of mate­ri­als, sug­gest­ing that a poten­tial mit­i­ga­tion mea­sure for the reduc­tion of green­house gases (GHG) and con­se­quently the impact on cli­mate change would be to address these three inflows into the sys­tem. It was found that sourc­ing CPO from mills with sys­tems in place for cap­tur­ing bio­gas reduced the impact on cli­mate change by about 40%.

Keywords: , , , ,

Author Information
* Malaysian Palm Oil Board, P. O. Box 10620, 50720 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

** 39 Jalan 3, Taman Bukit Cantik, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.

Cited By

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Source: Scopus
Last updated: 22 May 2017

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