Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. 28  December 2016 p.  393-403
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21894/jopr.2016.2804.01

NUTRIGENOMICS AND ITS APPLICATION IN PALM OIL NUTRITION AND HEALTH RESEARCH

Author(s): INDU JAGANATH*

Lat­est research reveals that phy­tonu­tri­ents are capa­ble of alter­ing gene expres­sion through act­ing on com­plex inter­ac­tions in var­i­ous bio­chem­i­cal and cel­lu­lar path­ways. This inter­ac­tive inter­play between phy­tonu­tri­ents and gene expres­sion has given birth to a new field of fron­tier sci­ence known as nutrige­nomics. Nutrige­nomics allows for deeper under­stand­ing of the mech­a­nism of action of phy­tonu­tri­ents on health whether act­ing in silo or syn­er­gis­ti­cally as a com­plex mix­ture. Through this new field of research, sci­en­tists have now affirmed that the food con­tains many bio­log­i­cal active sub­stances which affect gene expres­sion and is capa­ble of shift­ing the bal­ance between health and dis­ease states.
One of the rich­est sources of phy­tonu­tri­ents can be found in palm oil (Elaeis guineen­sis). Palm oil, other than con­tain­ing fatty acids, it is also endowed with a wide range of health ben­e­fit­ing phy­tonu­tri­ents such as tocols, carotenoids, polyphe­nols, phy­tos­terols and coen­zyme Q10. In this review, con­certed efforts will be made to sum­marise recent stud­ies on the health ben­e­fits and the mol­e­c­u­lar mode of action of these dietary com­pounds found in palm oil. Fur­ther efforts will be made to exem­plify how nutrige­nomics through its com­pre­hen­sive sci­en­tific val­i­da­tions can act as a cat­a­lyst to move palm oil up the agri­cul­ture value chain.

Keywords: , ,

Author Information
* Malaysian Palm Oil Board, 6 Persiaran Institusi, Bandar Baru Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia. E-mail:


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