Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. 21  2009 Dec p.  653-658

Optimization of pyrolysis of oil palm empty fruit bunches

Author(s): MOHAMAD AZRI Sukiran * ; NOR KARTINI Abu Bakar ** ; CHOW Mee Chin *

In this study, pyrolysis of oil palm empty fruit bunches (EFB) was investigated using a quartz fluidizedfixed bed reactor. The effects of various pyrolysis temperatures, particle sizes and heating rates on the yields of the products were investigated. The temperature of pyrolysis and heating rate were varied in the range of 300ºC-700ºC and 10ºC-100ºC min-1, respectively. The particle size was varied in the range of <90, 91-106, 107-125 and 126-250 μm. The products obtained from pyrolysis of EFB were bio-oil, char and gas. Under the experimental conditions, the maximum bio-oil yield was 42% obtained at 500ºC, with a heating rate of 100ºC min-1 and a particle size of 91-106 μm. The maximum yield of char was 42%, obtained at a pyrolysis temperature of 300ºC, heating rate of 30ºC min-1 and particle size of 91-106 μm. Meanwhile, the optimum yield of gas was 46%, which could be achieved at a pyrolysis temperature of 700ºC, heating rate of 30ºC min-1 and particle size of 107-125 μm.

Keywords: , , ,

Author Information
* Malaysian Palm Oil Board, P. O. Box 10620, 50720 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

** University of Malaya, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Lembah Pantai, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Cited By

1. Alias, N. B., et al. "Investigation of Oil Palm Wastes' Pyrolysis by Thermo-Gravimetric Analyzer for Potential Biofuel Production." Energy Procedia, Vol. 75, 2015, doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2015.07.141.
2. Eynck, C., et al. "Sustainable Oil Crops Production." Biofuel Crop Sustainability. , 2013, doi:10.1002/9781118635797.ch5.
3. Hussain, S. A., et al. "Simulation on Temperature Distribution of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches during the Microwave Pyrolysis Process." Asia-Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol. 9, No. 1, 2014:39-49, doi:10.1002/apj.1744.
4. Kong, S. -., et al. "Biochar from Oil Palm Biomass: A Review of its Potential and Challenges." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 39, 2014:729-739, doi:10.1016/j.rser.2014.07.107.
5. Loh, S. K., and Y. M. Choo. "Prospect, Challenges and Opportunities on Biofuels in Malaysia." Advances in Biofuels. ISBN:9781461462491, 2013, doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-6249-1_1.
6. Salema, A. A., and F. N. Ani. "Pyrolysis of Oil Palm Biomass using Palm Shell Char as Microwave Absorber." Journal of Oil Palm Research, 24(DECEMBER), 2012:1497-1510.
7. Taghizadeh-Alisaraei, A., et al. "Potential of Biofuel Production from Pistachio Waste in Iran." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 72, 2017:510-522, doi:10.1016/j.rser.2017.01.111.

Source: Scopus
Last Updated: 30 May 2017

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