Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol.   p.  
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21894/jopr.2020.0088

POTENTIAL OF FUNCTIONALISED CELLULOSE FROM OIL PALM BIOMASS AS NITROGEN AND PHOSPHORUS BASED NUTRIENT ADSORBENT – A REVIEW

Author(s): MEI MEI CHONG*; LIAN SEE TAN*; NURFATEHAH WAHYUNY CHE JUSOH*; MASAFUMI GOTO* and SUMATHI SETHUPATHI**

By the year 2020, oil palm biomass in Malaysia is projected to reach between 85-110 million tonnes per year. Instead of disposing off such a massive amount of biomass as waste, the oil palm biomass could be converted into value-added products. Since lignocellulosic materials could be a suitable adsorbent for nitrogen and phosphorus-based nutrients from aquaculture effluent based on studies conducted by other countries, it would be an excellent opportunity to monetise oil palm biomass for a similar purpose as well. There are many well-established extraction methods introduced by researchers. However, only a handful of the extraction method involved the use of green chemicals. This paper provides a review of the extraction and modification for oil palm biomass towards becoming a potential adsorbent for nitrogen and phosphorus-based nutrients.

Keywords: , , , ,

Author Information
* Department of Chemical Process Engineering, Malaysia-Japan International Institute Technology, University Technology Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra, 54100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

** Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Green Technology, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Jalan University, Bandar Barat, 31900 Kampar, Perak, Malaysia.
E-mail: tan.liansee@utm.my


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