Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. 12 No. 1  2000 June p.  117-122

Properties of biosurfactant enzymatically prepared from fructose and palm fatty acid

Author(s): RAKMI Abdul Rahman ; TJAHJONO Herawan

A biosurfactant has been successfully synthesized from fructose and palm fatty acid distillate (PFAD) with Lipozyme IM as biocatalyst. Analysis of its physical and chemical properties showed that this surfactant had a melting point of 49°C-52.3°C and a hydrophile-lipophile balance (HLP) of 16+. This HLB value is in the range suitable for use in cosmetics, detergents and foods. This surfactant, which was a fructose ester, also reduced the surface tension of water from 74 dynes cm-1 to 38.3 dynes cm-1.

Keywords: , , ,

Author Information
*Chemical and Process Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi,Selangor, Malaysia

** Indonesian Oil Palm Research Institute. JI. Brigjen Katamso No. 51. 20158 Medan, Indonesia.

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