KAMOLWAN KHIANCHAIKHAN1#; SUVICHARK AROONLUK1#; NARUMON PHAONAKROP2; SITTIRUK ROYTRAKUL2; MANTIRA SUKSIRT1; PAPHAWARIN PINYOKHAM1; MYA THUZAR3 and CHATCHAWAN JANTASURIYARAT1,4*
Received: 24 April 2022 Accepted: 29 August 2022 Published Online: 28 September 2022
Tissue culture through somatic embryogenesis is the best method to produce the true-to-type of an elite oil palm plantlet. However, the mechanism underlying this process in oil palm is still unknown. We aimed to identify differentially expressed proteins during oil palm somatic embryogenesis using embryogenic callus, somatic embryo maturation and plantlet stages. Total proteins were extracted followed by tryptic enzyme digestion. The tryptic digested peptides were examined by nano LC-MS/ MS. Identified proteins were classified based on biological process, molecular function, and cellular components. Twenty-seven differentially expressed proteins were validated at the transcript level using qRT-PCR. These proteins were involved in plant growth and development, gene regulation, signalling, hormone response, and stress response. Moreover, the differentially expressed proteins were categorised and reported as the candidate proteins for the development of biomarkers, which could be used to differentiate the embryo’s developmental stages. The information on identified proteins obtained from this study will serve as the foundation for the understanding of the oil palm somatic embryogenesis in the tissue culture process.KEYWORDS:
1 Department of Genetics,
Faculty of Science, Kasetsart University,
Bangkok 10900, Thailand.
2 National Center for Genetic Engineering,
and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), National Science and
Technology Development Agency (NSTDA),
Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand.
3 Rice Science Center, Kasetsart University,
Kamphaeng Saen, Nakorn Pathom 73140, Thailand.
4 Center for Advanced Studies in Tropical Natural Resources,
National Research University-Kasetsart (CASTNAR, NRU-KU),
Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand.
# Authors contributed equally to this work.
* Corresponding author email: firstname.lastname@example.org