Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. 3 No. 2 1991 Dec, p. 369-378
QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF CAROTENES IN THE OIL FROM DIFFERENT PALM SPECIES
Carotenes in palm oils from Elaeis guineensis – dura (D), pisifera (P) and tenera (T), Elaeis oleifera or melanococca (M), from the hybrids M x D and M x P and from the backeross MP x D were analysed using HPLC and UV-Visible spectrophotometry. Eleven types of carotenes were identified, the major ones being α- and β-carotenes, which constituted about 90% of the total carotenes. Oil from E. oleifera (originally from South America) had the highest carotene content (4000 p.p.m.), while that from Elaeis guineensis (from West Africa) had the lowest (380 p.p.m.); their hybrids and the backcross had intermediate carotene contents.KEYWORDS:
FIGURES & TABLES:
* Palm Oil Research Institute of Malaysia,
P O Box 10620,
50720 Kuala Lumpur
+ Malaysian Palm Oil Promotion Council,
1st Floor, 148 Jalan Ampang,
50450 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
++ University of Malaya,
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.