Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. 25  2013 April p.  92-99

Synthesis of palm-based polyols: effect of K10 montmorillonite catalyst

Author(s): NORHAYATI Mohd Noor* ; TUAN NOOR MAZNEE Tuan Ismail* ; YEONG Shoot Kian* ; HAZIMAH Abu Hassan*

Palm-based polyols were synthesised via an alcoholysis process using K10 montmorillonite catalyst. The alcoholysis process was carried out by using epoxidised palm olein and isobutanol. The catalysing ability of K10 montmorillonite catalyst during alcoholysis process was investigated. The process factors affecting alcoholysis, such as reaction temperature and reaction time, were studied. The optimum reaction conditions discovered of 60°C for 2 hr of reaction time were defined for production of palm-based polyol with optimised hydroxyl value, that is, 124.71 mg KOH g-1 of sample. Based on the study, K10 montmorillonite catalyst was able to catalyse the alcoholysis process to produce palm-based polyol with a low acid value, low viscosity, low average molecular weight distribution and low functionality which is suitable to be used as a component in coating applications.

Keywords: , , ,

Author Information
* Malaysian Palm Oil Board, P. O. Box 10620, 50720 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Cited By

1. Adnan, S., et al. "Development of Flexible Polyurethane Nanostructured Biocomposite Foams Derived from Palm Olein-Based Polyol." Advances in Materials Science and Engineering Vol. 2016 (2016), doi:10.1155/2016/4316424.
2. Armylisasa, A. H. N., et al. "Modification of Olefinic Double Bonds of Unsaturated Fatty Acids and Other Vegetable Oil Derivatives Via Epoxidation: A Review." Grasas y Aceites, Vol. 68, No. 1 (2017), doi:10.3989/gya.0684161.
3. Arniza, M. Z., et al. "Synthesis of Transesterified Palm Olein-Based Polyol and Rigid Polyurethanes from this Polyol." JAOCS, Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, Vol. 92, No. 2 (2015):243-255, doi:10.1007/s11746-015-2592-9.
4. Comí, M., et al. "Synthesis of Castor-Oil Based Polyurethanes Bearing alkene/alkyne Groups and Subsequent Thiol-ene/yne Post-Modification." Polymer (United Kingdom), Vol. 103 (2016): 163-170, doi:10.1016/j.polymer.2016.09.057.
5. Mohd Noor, M. A., et al. "Molecular Weight Determination of Palm Olein Polyols by Gel Permeation Chromatography using Polyether Polyols Calibration." JAOCS, Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, Vol. 93, No. 5 (2016):721-730, doi:10.1007/s11746-016-2812-y.
6. Ng, W. S., et al. "Preparation and Modification of Water-Blown Porous Biodegradable Polyurethane Foams with Palm Oil-Based Polyester Polyol." Industrial Crops and Products, Vol. 97 (2017):65-78, doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2016.11.066.
7. Norhayati, M. N., et al. "Reproducibility of Palm-Based Polyols Production." Journal of Oil Palm Research, 28(1) (2016):114-120

Source: Scopus
Last updated: 24 May 2017

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