Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. 26  2014 March p.  1-24
DOI:

The Future of Oil Palm as a Major Global Crop: Opportunities and Challenges

Author(s): Denis J Murphy*

In recent years, the oil palm sector has witnessed a period of historically high prices with buoyant global demand and high levels of production driven largely by economic development in major Asian countries such as India and China. However, the oil palm sector is also confronted by many important challenges that require attention. Such challenges include fragmentation of the industry, stagnating yields, and an image problem that is largely due to the conversion of tropical rainforest and peatlands in a few regions in South-east Asia. The biological and managerial tools to surmount these challenges already exist but need more focussed application and political support. Potentially groundbreaking biological tools include the new molecular breeding technologies, such as those made possible by the recent publication of the oil palm genome sequence (Singh et al., 2013a, b). Two key R&D targets for the industry are:

• higher oil yield in fruits and trees; and
• higher mesocarp oleic acid composition – preferably over 65% w/w.

The more focussed use of new and traditional technologies can also help to confront pest and disease problems, to redesign of crop architecture, and to facilitate yield and harvesting efficiency. In the mediumterm future, we can look forward to a considerable geographical extension of oil palm cultivation in a broad zone across the tropics of Africa, Asia and the Americas. If these and other measures can be taken, increased palm oil output could more than meet the highest projections for future vegetable oil requirements while minimising adverse environmental consequences. Improved oil palm varieties could also considerably increase the global market share for this highly productive tropical crop at the expense of some of the less efficient temperate oilseed crops.

Keywords: , , , ,

Author Information
* University of South Wales, CF37 4AT, United Kingdom.
E-mail: denis.murphy@southwales.ac.uk


Cited By

(22)
1. Arniza, M. Z., et al. "Synthesis of Transesterified Palm Olein-Based Polyol and Rigid Polyurethanes from this Polyol." JAOCS, Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society 92(2) (2015): 243-255.
2. Barcelos, E., et al. "Oil Palm Natural Diversity and the Potential for Yield Improvement." Frontiers in Plant Science 6 (MAR) (2015): 1-16.
3. Carrasco, L. R., et al. "Tropical crops: cautious optimism Response" Science 346(6212) (2014): 928.
4. Parveez, Ghulam Kadir Ahmad; Rasid, Omar Abdul; Masani, Mat Yunus Abdul; et al. "Biotechnology of oil palm: strategies towards manipulation of lipid content and composition" Plant Cell Reports 34(4) (2014) Special Issue: 533-543
5. Sundram, S., et al. "Application of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi with Pseudomonas Aeruginosa UPMP3 Reduces the Development of Ganoderma Basal Stem Rot Disease in Oil Palm Seedlings." Mycorrhiza 25(5) (2014): 387-97.
6. Chen, G., et al. "Acyl-Trafficking during Plant Oil Accumulation." Lipids 50(11) (2015): 1057-1068.
7. Izawati, A. M. D., et al. "Evaluation on the Effectiveness of 2-Deoxyglucose-6-Phosphate Phosphatase (DOGR1) Gene as a Selectable Marker for Oil Palm (Elaeis Guineensis Jacq.) Embryogenic Calli Transformation Mediated by Agrobacterium Tumefaciens." Frontiers in Plant Science 6(September) (2015)
8. Kanadasan, J., et al. "Feasibility Studies of Palm Oil Mill Waste Aggregates for the Construction Industry." Materials 8(9) (2015): 6508-6530.
9. Kanadasan, J., and H. A. Razak. "Utilization of Palm Oil Clinker as Cement Replacement Material." Materials 8(12) (2015): 8817-8838.
10. Sarpan, N., et al. "A Model for Predicting Flower Development in Elaeis Guineensis Jacq." Journal of Oil Palm Research 27(4) (2015): 315-325.
11. Somnuek, S., M. M. A. Slingerland, and C. M. Grünbühel. "The Introduction of Oil Palm in Northeast Thailand: A New Cash Crop for Smallholders?" Asia Pacific Viewpoint 57(1) (2016): 76-90.
12. Ting, N. -C, et al. "Fine-Mapping and Cross-Validation of QTLs Linked to Fatty Acid Composition in Multiple Independent Interspecific Crosses of Oil Palm." BMC Genomics 17(1) (2016):289.
13. Samsudin, E. M., et al. "Comparison on Acoustic Performance between Dust and Coir Form Empty Fruit Bunches (EFB) as Sound Absorption Material." Jurnal Teknologi 78(5) (2016): 191-196.
14. Jaradat, A. A. "Breeding Oilseed Crops for Climate Change." Breeding Oilseed Crops for Sustainable Production: Opportunities and Constraints., 2015: 421-472.
15. Tabi Mbi, K., et al. "Mature Zygotic Embryo Rescue Improves in Vitro Germination and Seedling Production in High Value Oil Palm (Elaeis Guineensis Jacq.) Cultivars." Industrial Crops and Products 94 (2016): 445-53.
16. Murphy, D. J. "Roles of Genomics in Addressing Global Food Security." Genomics and Society: Ethical, Legal, Cultural and Socioeconomic Implications. 2015. 259-270.
17. Or, K. H., A. Putra, and M. Z. Selamat. "Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Fibres as Sustainable Acoustic Absorber." Applied Acoustics 119 (2017): 9-16.
18. Roslan, N. D., et al. "Comparison of RNA Extraction Methods for RT-PCR Detection of Coconut Cadang-Cadang Viroid Variant in Orange Spotting Oil Palm Leaves." Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology 38(3) (2016): 382-388.
19. Sandoval-García, A. -M, et al. "Chemical Characterization of Oil obtained by Homemade Methods from Three African Palm Varieties (Elaeis Guineensis Jacq.)." Revista Fitotecnia Mexicana 39(3) (2016): 317-322.
20. Woittiez, L. S., et al. "Yield Gaps in Oil Palm: A Quantitative Review of Contributing Factors." European Journal of Agronomy 83 (2017): 57-77.
21. Yusoff, N. M., F. M. Muharam, and S. Khairunniza-Bejo. "Towards the use of Remote-Sensing Data for Monitoring of Abandoned Oil Palm Lands in Malaysia: A Semi-Automatic Approach." International Journal of Remote Sensing 38(2) (2017): 432-449.
22. Shankar, B., et al. "Policies for Healthy and Sustainable Edible Oil Consumption: A Stakeholder Analysis for Thailand." Public health nutrition Vol. 20, No. 6 (2017):1126-1134, doi:10.1017/S1368980016003037.

Source: Scopus
Last updated: 22 May 2017

Call For Papers

Search for:

Most cited articles


SIGN UP To JOPR MAILING LIST

Subscribe with us to get the latest information on Palm Oil Research from MPOB today!