Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. Special Issue  2008 July p.  77-86

Transformation of PHB and PHBV genes driven by maize ubiquitin promoter into oil palm for the production of biodegradable plastics

Author(s): AHMAD PARVEEZ Ghulam Kadir* ; BAHARIAH Bohari* ; NOR HANIN Ayub* ; ABDUL MASANI Mat Yunus* ; OMAR Abdul Rasid* ; AHMAD TARMIZI Hashim* ; ZAMZURI Ishak* ; MOHAMAD ARIF Abd Manaf* ; AHMAD KUSHAIRI Din* ; YORK, Gregory**; YEONG Bae Jo**; SINSKEY, Anthony J.**

Three bac­te­r­ial genes cod­ing for the enzymes, 3-ketothiolase (bktB), acetoacetyl-CoA reduc­tase (phaB) and PHB syn­thase (phaC), required for the syn­the­sis of PHB from acetyl-CoA in bac­te­ria were trans­formed into oil palm embryo­genic calli. For the pro­duc­tion of copoly­mer polyhydroxybutyrate–co-valerate (PHBV), the thre­o­nine dehy­dratase (tdcB) gene from Escherichia coli was also trans­formed into oil palm embryo­genic calli for pro­duc­ing propionyl-CoA, the sub­strate for hydrox­y­valer­ate. These genes were under the con­trol of the maize ubiq­ui­tin pro­moter. Cur­rently, many trans­formed embryo­genic lines resis­tant to the her­bi­cide Basta have already been pro­duced. These trans­formed calli were later regen­er­ated to pro­duce a few hun­dred plantlets which are now grow­ing in a biosafety screen­house. Mol­e­c­u­lar analy­ses have demon­strated sta­ble inte­gra­tion of the trans­genes in their genome.

Keywords: , , ,

Author Information
* Malaysian Palm Oil Board, P. O. Box 10620, 50720 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

** Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.

Journal of Oil Palm Research Special Issue on Malaysia-MIT Biotechnology Partnership Programme: Volume 2 - Oil Palm Metabolic Engineering

Cited By

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Source: Scopus
Last checked: 22 May 2017

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