Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. 26  2014 December p.  273-281
DOI:

WATER FOOTPRINT: PART 1 — PRODUCTION OF OIL PALM SEEDLINGS IN PENINSULAR MALAYSIA

Author(s): HALIMAH MUHAMAD*; VIJAYA SUBRAMANIAM*; ZULKIFLI HASHIM*; NIK SASHA KHATRINA KHAIRUDDIN* and CHOO YUEN MAY*

The oil palm nurs­ery is the first link in the palm oil sup­ply chain where oil palm seedlings are pro­duced for the cul­ti­va­tion of palms in plan­ta­tions. The water foot­print for this study focuses on the vol­ume of water required for the pro­duc­tion of oil palm seedlings in Malaysia, which include direct and indi­rect water con­sump­tion. This study was car­ried out at 21 nurs­eries in Penin­su­lar Malaysia for the dura­tion of four years. In this study, the water foot­print is expressed as water vol­ume per unit of the prod­uct, i.e. m3 t–1 fresh fruit bunch (FFB). This arti­cle out­lines the com­po­nents of water foot­print which are asso­ci­ated with the pro­duc­tion of oil palm seedlings. The method­ol­ogy used to cal­cu­late water foot­print for the pro­duc­tion of oil palm seedlings was based on water foot­print net­work. The results showed that the direct blue water foot­print was 1.57E-01 m3 t–1 FFB, con­tributed by irri­ga­tion water using sprin­klers and also the water used for pes­ti­cides appli­ca­tion. The total indi­rect blue water foot­print con­tributed by all the inputs such as diesel, elec­tric­ity and poly­bags was 1.46E-04 m3 t–1 FFB. Green and grey water foot­print was found to be 3.10E-01 and 1.83E-03 m3 t–1 FFB, respec­tively. From the analy­sis, it was found that the water foot­print for the pro­duc­tion of oil palm seedlings were 1.57E-01, 3.10E-01 and 1.83E-03 m3 t–1 FFB for the blue, green and grey com­po­nents, respec­tively. There­fore, it could be con­cluded that the vol­ume of pol­luted water (grey water foot­print) asso­ci­ated with the pro­duc­tion of oil palm seedlings was very minimal.

Keywords: , , ,

Author Information
* Malaysian Palm Oil Board, 6 Persiaran Institusi, Bandar Baru Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.
E-mail: halimah@mpob.gov.my


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