Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. 26  2014 December p.  273-281
DOI:

WATER FOOTPRINT: PART 1 — PRODUCTION OF OIL PALM SEEDLINGS IN PENINSULAR MALAYSIA

Author(s): HALIMAH MUHAMAD*; VIJAYA SUBRAMANIAM*; ZULKIFLI HASHIM*; NIK SASHA KHATRINA KHAIRUDDIN* and CHOO YUEN MAY*

The oil palm nurs­ery is the first link in the palm oil sup­ply chain where oil palm seedlings are pro­duced for the cul­ti­va­tion of palms in plan­ta­tions. The water foot­print for this study focuses on the vol­ume of water required for the pro­duc­tion of oil palm seedlings in Malaysia, which include direct and indi­rect water con­sump­tion. This study was car­ried out at 21 nurs­eries in Penin­su­lar Malaysia for the dura­tion of four years. In this study, the water foot­print is expressed as water vol­ume per unit of the prod­uct, i.e. m3 t–1 fresh fruit bunch (FFB). This arti­cle out­lines the com­po­nents of water foot­print which are asso­ci­ated with the pro­duc­tion of oil palm seedlings. The method­ol­ogy used to cal­cu­late water foot­print for the pro­duc­tion of oil palm seedlings was based on water foot­print net­work. The results showed that the direct blue water foot­print was 1.57E-01 m3 t–1 FFB, con­tributed by irri­ga­tion water using sprin­klers and also the water used for pes­ti­cides appli­ca­tion. The total indi­rect blue water foot­print con­tributed by all the inputs such as diesel, elec­tric­ity and poly­bags was 1.46E-04 m3 t–1 FFB. Green and grey water foot­print was found to be 3.10E-01 and 1.83E-03 m3 t–1 FFB, respec­tively. From the analy­sis, it was found that the water foot­print for the pro­duc­tion of oil palm seedlings were 1.57E-01, 3.10E-01 and 1.83E-03 m3 t–1 FFB for the blue, green and grey com­po­nents, respec­tively. There­fore, it could be con­cluded that the vol­ume of pol­luted water (grey water foot­print) asso­ci­ated with the pro­duc­tion of oil palm seedlings was very minimal.

Keywords: , , ,

Author Information
* Malaysian Palm Oil Board, 6 Persiaran Institusi, Bandar Baru Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.
E-mail: halimah@mpob.gov.my


Cited By

Call For Papers

Search for ARTICLE

Most cited articles


SIGN UP To JOPR MAILING LIST

Subscribe with us to get the latest information on Palm Oil Research from MPOB today!