Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. 16 No 1  2004 June p.  45-53

Water use of irrigated oil palm at three different arid locations in Peninsular India

Author(s): KALLARACKAL, Jose* ; JEYAKUMAR, P** ; GEORGE, Suman Jacob+

The water requirement of irrigated oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) in the three Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra were estimated using the Penman-Monteith equation. Microclimate parameters measured using an automated weather station showed that the three geographically separated sites had climatic differences also. The temperature at the study sites ranged between 12 ° C and 35 ° C and the vapour pressure deficit (VPD) of the atmosphere ranged between 0.3 and 4.5 kPa. Stomatal conductance measured on fully irrigated plants showed a maximum of 500 mmol m-2 s-1.The stomatal conductance was highly correlated with the VPD. Closure of stomata started when the VPD was greater than 1.0 kPa. The stomatal conductance was severely reduced when the VPD reached values> 1.9 kPa. All the sites had a prolonged dry season. At none of the sites could oil palm be grown as a rain-fed crop. Water loss by transpiration as estimated for a dry day (without rain) ranged from 2.0 to 5.5 mm. The transpiration/evaporation ratio was approximately 0.8 at all the three locations

Keywords: , , , ,

Author Information
* Plant Physiology Division, Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi, Kerala 680653, India.

** Department of Crop Physiology, Tamilnadu Agricultural University, Thoothukudy, Tamilnadu, India.

+ Department of Soil Science, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia

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