Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. 25  December 2013 p.  273-281
DOI:

Zero Discharge Treatment Technology of Palm Oil Mill Effluent

Author(s): SOH KHEANG LOH*; MEI EE LAI*; MUZZAMMIL NGATIMAN*; WENG SOON LIM*; YUEN MAY CHOO*; ZHENJIA ZHANG** and JUMAT SALIMON‡

Palm oil pro­cess­ing oper­a­tion is invari­ably accom­pa­nied by palm oil mill efflu­ent (POME) con­sid­ered to be an envi­ron­men­tal pol­lu­tant. While anaer­o­bic diges­tion and the present ter­tiary treat­ment tech­nolo­gies of POME are able to meet the cur­rent reg­u­la­tory efflu­ent dis­charge require­ment of bio­log­i­cal oxy­gen demand (BOD) 100 mg litre-1 – the cur­rent limit set by the Depart­ment of Envi­ron­ment (DOE) – the exist­ing tech­nolo­gies are unable to con­sis­tently meet the pro­posed strin­gent BOD reg­u­la­tory require­ment of 20 mg litre-1 to be imposed by the DOE. This arti­cle inves­ti­gates the pos­si­bil­ity of inte­grat­ing sev­eral bio­processes for POME treat­ment at the Malaysian palm oil mills by trans­form­ing the POME into sev­eral high val­ueadded prod­ucts; with BOD 20 mg litre-1 attain­able at its final dis­charge. This inte­grated approach has the poten­tial of achiev­ing zero-effluent dis­charge along with the pro­duc­tion of bio­gas, biofer­tiliser and recy­cled water, in treat­ing indus­trial waste­water to reduce pollution.

Keywords: , , , ,

Author Information
* Malaysian Palm Oil Board, 6 Persiaran Institusi, Bandar Baru Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.
E-mail: lohsk@mpob.gov.my

** Shanghai Jiaotong University, 800, Dongchuan Road, Min Hang, Shanghai 200240, the People’s Republic of China.

‡ Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.


Cited By

1. Liew, W. L., et al. "Conventional Methods and Emerging Wastewater Polishing Technologies for Palm Oil Mill Effluent Treatment: A Review." Journal of environmental management 149 (2014): 222-235.

2. Nurul Adela, B., et al. "Characteristics of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (Pome) in an Anaerobic Biogas Digester." Asian Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Environmental Sciences 16(1) (2014): 225-231.

3. Wang, J., et al. "Zero Discharge Performance of an Industrial Pilot-Scale Plant Treating Palm Oil Mill Effluent." BioMed Research International 2015(2015) Article ID 617861

4. Favre-Réguillon, A. "Comment on "Life Cycle Carbon Footprint of Linear Alkylbenzenesulfonate from Coconut Oil, Palm Kernel Oil, and Petroleum-Based Paraffins". ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering 3(8) (2015): 1686-1687

5. Wang, J., et al. "Anaerobic Treatment of Palm Oil Mill Effluent in Pilot-Scale Anaerobic EGSB Reactor." BioMed Research International 2015 (2015)

Last updated: 18 August 2015

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