Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. Special Issue  2008 Oct p.  115-126

Effect of new palm oil mill processes on the EFB and POME utilization

Author(s): SCHUCHARDT, Frank * ; WULFERT, Klaus ** ; DARNOKO Herawan + ; TJAHONO Herawan +

New palm oil mill processes are characterized by advanced oil separation technologies with zero dilution water (‘ECO-D’ for example as a new system for oil recovery without dilution water) and continuous sterilization of the fresh fruit bunch (FFB). These processes have a deep impact on the amount and composition of waste water (POME). Compared to conventional palm oil mills the total amount of palm oil mill effluent (POME) can be reduced from 0.65 m3 t-1 FFB to 0.45 m3 t-1 (conventional sterilization and zero dilution water) and 0.25 m3 t-1 (continuous sterilization and zero dilution water). These changes influence the treatment processes and its cost significantly. One process for the EFB and POME utilization which can fulfil the demand of a sustainable palm oil production is the co-composting of both of the materials. The composting process is used also for biological drying of the POME. The final product of the process is compost or mulch which unifies the nutrients of both in one product. The POME can be used also for biogas production (in fixed bed reactors for POME with low dry matter content and in totally mixed reactors for ECO-D biomass) before composting. The investment cost and profitability of the composting and fermentation process is calculated in detail based on data from practise in Indonesia. The new developments of processes in palm oil mills can reduce the cost for the waste and waste water treatment up to 35%. The benefits from biogas production and composting are the energy production, saved POME treatment cost in pond systems, total utilization of the POME nutrients, reduced cost for the EFB transport and utilization, higher empty fruit bunch (FFB) yields and from clean development mechanism (CDM).

Keywords: , , , , ,

Author Information
* Heinrich von Thunen-Institute, Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries, Institute of Technology and Biosystems Engineering, Braunschweig, Germany.

** Development and Application of Environmental friendly Technology GmbH, Bremen, Germany.

+ Indonesian Oil Palm Research Institute (IOPRI), Medan, Indonesia.

Cited By

1. Embrandiri, A., et al. "Land Application of Biomass Residue Generated from Palm Oil Processing: Its Potential Benefits and Threats." Environmentalist 32(1) (2012): 111-117.
2. Kong, S. -H, et al. "Biochar from Oil Palm Biomass: A Review of its Potential and Challenges." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 39 (2014): 729-739.
3. Koura, T. W., et al. "Farmers' Background and Diversity of Uses of Palm Oil Wastes for Sustainable Agriculture in Southern Benin Republic." Biological Agriculture and Horticulture 31(1) (2015): 35-44.
4. Schuchardt, F., H. Stichnothe, and K. -D Vorlop. "Waste Water and Waste Utilisation in Palm Oil Mills as Contribution to Climate Protection." Landbauforschung Volkenrode 61(2) (2011): 93-100.
5. Stichnothe, H., and F. Schuchardt. "Comparison of Different Treatment Options for Palm Oil Production Waste on a Life Cycle Basis." International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 15(9) (2010): 907-915.
6. Stichnothe, H., Schuchardt, F. "Life Cycle Assessment of Two Palm Oil Production Systems." Biomass and Bioenergy 35(9) (2011): 3976-3984.
7. Wu, T. Y., et al. "Pollution Control Technologies for the Treatment of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) through End-of-Pipe Processes." Journal of environmental management 91(7) (2010): 1467-1490.
8. Chavarro Gomez, J., et al. "Recovery of Residual Crude Palm Oil from the Empty Fruit Bunch Spikelets using Environmentally Friendly Processes." Separation Science and Technology (Philadelphia) 50(11) (2015): 1677-1683.
9. Embrandiri, A., et al. "Sustainable Utilization of Oil Palm Wastes: Opportunities and Challenges." Waste Management: Challenges, Threats and Opportunities., 2015: 217-232.
10. Hasanudin, U., et al. "Palm Oil Mill Effluent Treatment and Utilization to Ensure the Sustainability of Palm Oil Industries." Water Science and Technology 72(7) (2016): 1089-1095.
11. Hashim, K., S. Tahiruddin, and A. J. Asis. "Palm and Palm Kernel Oil Production and Processing in Malaysia and Indonesia." Palm Oil: Production, Processing, Characterization, and Uses., 2012. 235-250.
12. Garcia-Nunez, J. A., et al. "Evolution of Palm Oil Mills into Bio-Refineries: Literature Review on Current and Potential Uses of Residual Biomass and Effluents." Resources, Conservation and Recycling 110 (2016): 99-114.
13. Saswattecha, K., et al. "Options to Reduce Environmental Impacts of Palm Oil Production in Thailand." Journal of Cleaner Production 137 (2016): 370-393.
14. Aziz, M., et al. "Advanced Power Generation using Biomass Wastes from Palm Oil Mills." Applied Thermal Engineering 114 (2017): 1378-1386.
15. Sia, Y. Y., I. A. W. Tan, and M. O. Abdullah. "Adsorption of Colour, TSS and COD from Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) using Acid-Washed Coconut Shell Activated Carbon: Kinetic and Mechanism Studies". MATEC Web of Conferences.

Source: Scopus
Last checked: 22 May 2017

Call For Papers

Search for:

Most cited articles


Subscribe with us to get the latest information on Palm Oil Research from MPOB today!