Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. 21  2009 June p.  577-587

Laboratory-scale pyrolysis of oil palm pressed fruit fibres

Author(s): Khor Kwan Hooi* ; ZAINAL ALIMUDDIN Zainal Alauddin** ; LIM Koon Ong*

The slow pyrol­y­sis of oil palm pressed fruit fibres (PFF) was inves­ti­gated in a laboratory-scale pyrol­yser atter­mi­nal tem­per­a­tures of 450°C to 800°C and a heat­ing rate of 10°C min–1. The PFF was first pyrol­ysed in a ther­mo­gravi­met­ric analyser (TGA) to inves­ti­gate their ther­mal char­ac­ter­is­tics and to deter­mine their kinetic para­me­ters. Results from the laboratory-scale pyrol­y­sis showed that as the ter­mi­nal tem­per­a­ture increased, the yields of solid char and total con­den­sates decreased, but the non-condensable gases increased. The qual­ity of the char pro­duced, which was found to be depen­dent on the ter­mi­nal pyrol­y­sis tem­per­a­ture, was of medium grade, as its aver­age ash con­tent of 16.60% was high. The best PFF char with 69.91% fixed car­bon and an energy con­tent of 27.07 MJ kg–1 was obtain­able at a ter­mi­nal pyrol­y­sis tem­per­a­ture of 600°C. The chem­i­cal char­ac­ter­i­za­tion of the liq­uid prod­ucts, which sep­a­rate into two frac­tions, showed that they may be a poten­tial source of valu­able fuel and chem­i­cal feedstocks.

Keywords: , , ,

Author Information
* Bioenergy Laboratory, School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia.

** School of Mechanical Engineering, Engineering Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Seberang Perai Selatan, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia.

Cited By

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Source: Scopus
Last checked: 22 May 2017

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