Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. 21  2009 June p.  577-587
DOI:

Laboratory-scale pyrolysis of oil palm pressed fruit fibres

Author(s): Khor Kwan Hooi* ; ZAINAL ALIMUDDIN Zainal Alauddin** ; LIM Koon Ong*

The slow pyrolysis of oil palm pressed fruit fibres (PFF) was investigated in a laboratory-scale pyrolyser atterminal temperatures of 450°C to 800°C and a heating rate of 10°C min-1. The PFF was first pyrolysed in a thermogravimetric analyser (TGA) to investigate their thermal characteristics and to determine their kinetic parameters. Results from the laboratory-scale pyrolysis showed that as the terminal temperature increased, the yields of solid char and total condensates decreased, but the non-condensable gases increased. The quality of the char produced, which was found to be dependent on the terminal pyrolysis temperature, was of medium grade, as its average ash content of 16.60% was high. The best PFF char with 69.91% fixed carbon and an energy content of 27.07 MJ kg-1 was obtainable at a terminal pyrolysis temperature of 600°C. The chemical characterization of the liquid products, which separate into two fractions, showed that they may be a potential source of valuable fuel and chemical feedstocks.

Keywords: , , ,

Author Information
* Bioenergy Laboratory, School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia.
E-mail: kkhooi@tm.net.my

** School of Mechanical Engineering, Engineering Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Seberang Perai Selatan, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia.


Cited By

(13)
1. Abdul Aziz, S. M., et al. "Bio-Oils from Microwave Pyrolysis of Agricultural Wastes." Fuel Processing Technology 106 (2013): 744-750.
2. Abdullah, N., et al. "Pyrolytic Oil of Banana (Musa Spp.) Pseudo-Stem Via Fast Process". AIP Conference Proceedings.
3. Chanprasert, W., et al. "Effects of Neonicotinoid and Method of Breaking Dormancy on Seed Germination and Seedling Vigour of Oil Palm (Elaeis Guineensis Jacq.)." Journal of Oil Palm Research 24 (APRIL) (2012): 1127-1234.
4. Idris, J., et al. "Self-Sustained Carbonization of Oil Palm Biomass Produced an Acceptable Heating Value Charcoal with Low Gaseous Emission." Journal of Cleaner Production Vol 89, 2015: 257-261.
5. Idris, J., et al. "Improved Yield and Higher Heating Value of Biochar from Oil Palm Biomass at Low Retention Time Under Self-Sustained Carbonization." Journal of Cleaner Production 104 (2015): 475-479.
6. Khan, Z., S. Yusup, and M. M. Ahmad. "Thermogravimetric Analysis of Palm Oil Wastes Decomposition". 2011 IEEE 1st Conference on Clean Energy and Technology, CET 2011. :205-208.
7. Kong, S. -H, et al. "Biochar from Oil Palm Biomass: A Review of its Potential and Challenges." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 39 (2014): 729-39.
8. Salema, A. A., and F. N. Ani. "Pyrolysis of Oil Palm Biomass using Palm Shell Char as Microwave Absorber." Journal of Oil Palm Research 24 (DECEMBER) (2012): 1497-510.
9. Sulaiman, F., and N. Abdullah. "Pyrolytic Product of Washed and Unwashed Oil Palm Wastes by Slow Thermal Conversion Process." Journal of Physical Science 25 (2) (2014): 73-84.
10. Asuquo, E. D., and A. D. Martin. "Sorption of Cadmium (II) Ion from Aqueous Solution Onto Sweet Potato (Ipomoea Batatas L.) Peel Adsorbent: Characterisation, Kinetic and Isotherm Studies." Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering 4(4) (2016): 4207-4228.
11. Shariff, A., et al. "Corn Cob as a Potential Feedstock for Slow Pyrolysis of Biomass." Journal of Physical Science 27(2) (2016): 123-137.
12. Wahi, R., et al. "Biochar Production from Agricultural Wastes Via Low-Temperature Microwave Carbonization". RFM 2015 - 2015 IEEE International RF and Microwave Conference
13. Zainal, N. H., et al. "Microwave-Assisted Pre-Carbonisation of Palm Kernel Shell Produced Charcoal with High Heating Value and Low Gaseous Emission." Journal of Cleaner Production 142 (2017): 2945-2949.


Source: Scopus
Last checked: 22 May 2017

Call For Papers

Article In Press

Search for:


Most cited articles


SIGN UP To JOPR MAILING LIST

Subscribe with us to get the latest information on Palm Oil Research from MPOB today!