Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. 21  2009 June p.  577-587

Laboratory-scale pyrolysis of oil palm pressed fruit fibres

Author(s): Khor Kwan Hooi* ; ZAINAL ALIMUDDIN Zainal Alauddin** ; LIM Koon Ong*

The slow pyrol­y­sis of oil palm pressed fruit fibres (PFF) was inves­ti­gated in a laboratory-scale pyrol­yser atter­mi­nal tem­per­a­tures of 450°C to 800°C and a heat­ing rate of 10°C min–1. The PFF was first pyrol­ysed in a ther­mo­gravi­met­ric analyser (TGA) to inves­ti­gate their ther­mal char­ac­ter­is­tics and to deter­mine their kinetic para­me­ters. Results from the laboratory-scale pyrol­y­sis showed that as the ter­mi­nal tem­per­a­ture increased, the yields of solid char and total con­den­sates decreased, but the non-condensable gases increased. The qual­ity of the char pro­duced, which was found to be depen­dent on the ter­mi­nal pyrol­y­sis tem­per­a­ture, was of medium grade, as its aver­age ash con­tent of 16.60% was high. The best PFF char with 69.91% fixed car­bon and an energy con­tent of 27.07 MJ kg–1 was obtain­able at a ter­mi­nal pyrol­y­sis tem­per­a­ture of 600°C. The chem­i­cal char­ac­ter­i­za­tion of the liq­uid prod­ucts, which sep­a­rate into two frac­tions, showed that they may be a poten­tial source of valu­able fuel and chem­i­cal feedstocks.

Keywords: , , ,

Author Information
* Bioenergy Laboratory, School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia.

** School of Mechanical Engineering, Engineering Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Seberang Perai Selatan, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia.

Cited By

1. Abdul Aziz, S. M., et al. "Bio-Oils from Microwave Pyrolysis of Agricultural Wastes." Fuel Processing Technology 106 (2013): 744-750.
2. Abdullah, N., et al. "Pyrolytic Oil of Banana (Musa Spp.) Pseudo-Stem Via Fast Process". AIP Conference Proceedings.
3. Chanprasert, W., et al. "Effects of Neonicotinoid and Method of Breaking Dormancy on Seed Germination and Seedling Vigour of Oil Palm (Elaeis Guineensis Jacq.)." Journal of Oil Palm Research 24 (APRIL) (2012): 1127-1234.
4. Idris, J., et al. "Self-Sustained Carbonization of Oil Palm Biomass Produced an Acceptable Heating Value Charcoal with Low Gaseous Emission." Journal of Cleaner Production Vol 89, 2015: 257-261.
5. Idris, J., et al. "Improved Yield and Higher Heating Value of Biochar from Oil Palm Biomass at Low Retention Time Under Self-Sustained Carbonization." Journal of Cleaner Production 104 (2015): 475-479.
6. Khan, Z., S. Yusup, and M. M. Ahmad. "Thermogravimetric Analysis of Palm Oil Wastes Decomposition". 2011 IEEE 1st Conference on Clean Energy and Technology, CET 2011. :205-208.
7. Kong, S. -H, et al. "Biochar from Oil Palm Biomass: A Review of its Potential and Challenges." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 39 (2014): 729-39.
8. Salema, A. A., and F. N. Ani. "Pyrolysis of Oil Palm Biomass using Palm Shell Char as Microwave Absorber." Journal of Oil Palm Research 24 (DECEMBER) (2012): 1497-510.
9. Sulaiman, F., and N. Abdullah. "Pyrolytic Product of Washed and Unwashed Oil Palm Wastes by Slow Thermal Conversion Process." Journal of Physical Science 25 (2) (2014): 73-84.
10. Asuquo, E. D., and A. D. Martin. "Sorption of Cadmium (II) Ion from Aqueous Solution Onto Sweet Potato (Ipomoea Batatas L.) Peel Adsorbent: Characterisation, Kinetic and Isotherm Studies." Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering 4(4) (2016): 4207-4228.
11. Shariff, A., et al. "Corn Cob as a Potential Feedstock for Slow Pyrolysis of Biomass." Journal of Physical Science 27(2) (2016): 123-137.
12. Wahi, R., et al. "Biochar Production from Agricultural Wastes Via Low-Temperature Microwave Carbonization". RFM 2015 - 2015 IEEE International RF and Microwave Conference
13. Zainal, N. H., et al. "Microwave-Assisted Pre-Carbonisation of Palm Kernel Shell Produced Charcoal with High Heating Value and Low Gaseous Emission." Journal of Cleaner Production 142 (2017): 2945-2949.

Source: Scopus
Last updated: 24 February 2017

Search for ARTICLE

Most cited articles


Subscribe with us to get the latest information on Palm Oil Research from MPOB today!

Indexed /Reviewed by