Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. 29  March 2017 p.  120-129
DOI:

A CRADLE-TO-GATE STUDY OF GHG EMISSIONS FROM THE TRANSPORTATION OF PALM OIL, PALM OLEIN AND PALM STEARIN USING THE LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT APPROACH

Author(s): FAUZIAH ARSHAD*; YEW AI TAN** and SUMIANI YUSOFFǂ

This life cycle assess­ment (LCA) is a cradle-to-gate study of energy con­sump­tion and green­house gas (GHG) emis­sions in trans­porta­tion of palm oil, palm olein and palm stearin along the palm oil sup­ply chain. This includes the trans­porta­tion of the oil palm pol­li­nated bunches from the ‘mother palm’ to the seed lab­o­ra­to­ries, the ger­mi­nated seeds to the nurs­eries, seedlings from nurs­eries to oil palm plan­ta­tions, fresh fruit bunches (FFB) from plan­ta­tions to mills, crude palm oil (CPO) from mills to refiner­ies and refined, bleached and deodorised (RBD) palm oil (RBO PO) and its frac­tion­ated prod­ucts namely RBD palm olein (RBD POo) and RBD palm stearin (RBO POs) from refineries/fractionation plants to ports and retail­ers. The objec­tive of this study is to use the LCA approach to iden­tify at which stage of the palm oil sup­ply chain that trans­porta­tion con­tributes the most to the envi­ron­men­tal per­for­mance in terms of GHG emis­sions within the bound­ary of the study. The analy­sis of the LCI data for deter­min­ing over­all GHG emis­sions for the trans­porta­tion along the oil palm sup­ply chain, on the basis of the pro­duc­tion of 1 t of the RBD PO, indi­cated that the trans­porta­tion of FFB from plan­ta­tion to mill and trans­porta­tion of CPO from mill to refin­ery gave the high­est GHG emis­sions. Based on the pro­duc­tion of 1 t of the RBD PO, the GHG emis­sions dur­ing the trans­porta­tion of FFB from plan­ta­tion to mill and the trans­porta­tion of CPO from mill to refin­ery were 21.94 kg CO2 eq. and 20.86 kg CO2 eq., respectively.

Keywords: , , , , ,

Author Information
* Malaysian Palm Oil Board, 6 Persiaran Institusi, Bandar Baru Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia. E-mail:fauziah@mpob.gov.my


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