Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. 25 (3) December 2013, p. 357-367 RAZIK, M M*; SAMSUL KAMAL, R*; TARMIZI, A H*; NULIT, R** and MADON, M*
Clonal propagation of palms with good traits is desirable for the oil palm industry. In this study, flow cytometry (FCM) and 18S-25S ribosomal DNA-fluorescence in situ hybridisation (rDNA-FISH) were utilised to analyse genetic variation in adult clonal palms, their respective suspension cultures and regenerant plantlets. The genome sizes estimated by FCM for the four adult clonal palms (using leaf samples from Frond-1) varied from 2C=2.59±0.19 pg to 2.91±0.14 pg and for their respective regenerants, the genome size varied from 2C=2.14±0.21 pg to 3.05±0.11 pg. The genome size of oil palm suspension cultures could not be analysed by FCM due to the low nuclei population, which was less than 1000. The rDNA-FISH analysis showed two hybridisation signals on interphase nuclei of suspension culture calli and regenerant plantlets, hence indicating the diploid ploidy level. Adult clonal palms with their suspension culture calli and regenerants therefore showed a similar ploidy level. However, the measurement of genome size was found to vary between the adult clonal palms and their regenerantsKEYWORDS:
* Malaysian Palm Oil Board, 6 Persiaran Institusi Bandar Baru
Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.
** Department of Biology, Faculty of Science,
Universiti Putra Malaysia,
43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia