Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. 29  March 2017 p.  66-73
DOI:

CHARACTERISATION OF RHIZOPHORA PARTICLEBOARD USING BIO-OIL-BASED PHENOL FORMALDEHYDE (PF) RESIN

Author(s): NAJA NADIERA OMAR*; ISKANDAR SHAHRIM MUSTAFA*; NURHAYATI ABDULLAH* and ROKIAH HASHIM**

Phe­nol formalde­hyde (PF) resin has been exten­sively used in var­i­ous branches of indus­try as adhe­sive espe­cially in the pro­duc­tion of wood-based pan­els. How­ever, due to the use of expen­sive and lim­ited petroleum-based phe­nol in its for­mu­la­tion, there is a strong inter­est to explore renew­able bio­mass mate­r­ial to par­tially sub­sti­tute the phe­nol. In this work, slow pyrol­y­sis was used to con­vert oil palm frond into bio-oil. From there, the phenol-rich frac­tion of the bio-oil was sep­a­rated and added into the for­mu­la­tion of PF resin to pro­duce an eco­nom­i­cal and environmental-friendly type of PF resin, known as bio-oil-phenol– formalde­hyde (BPF) resin. Rhi­zophora par­ti­cle­board was then fab­ri­cated with the BPF resin as adhe­sive. The par­ti­cle­board was found to dis­play excel­lent mechan­i­cal and phys­i­cal prop­er­ties with sat­is­fac­tory formalde­hyde emis­sion. A mor­pho­log­i­cal study of the par­ti­cle­board also sup­ported pre­vi­ous find­ings. The cor­re­spond­ing atomic num­ber of the par­ti­cle­board obtained from the mor­pho­log­i­cal study was com­pared with those of water phan­tom and a fas­ci­nat­ingly favourable sim­i­lar­ity was observed. This find­ing, hence, pro­posed a novel higher value-added appli­ca­tion of the Rhi­zophora par­ti­cle­board which has been largely researched as a poten­tial phan­tom mate­r­ial in diag­nos­tic radiography.

Keywords: , , , ,

Author Information
* Malaysian Palm Oil Board, 6 Persiaran Institusi, Bandar Baru Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia. E-mail:


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