Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. 28  September 2016 p.  373-386
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21894/jopr.2016.2803.14

DEVELOPMENT OF CARRAGEENAN HYDROGEL AS A SUSTAINED RELEASE MATRIX CONTAINING TOCOTRIENOL-RICH PALM-BASED VITAMIN E

Author(s): CHEONG MEI YEE*; ZAFARIZAL ALDRIN AZIZUL HASAN*; NORASHIKIN AHMAD* and HAZIMAH, A H *

Topically applied hydrogel system as a general therapeutic mask for transdermal delivery of hydrophobic actives is not efficient due to the differences in polarity between the actives and the polymer network. This work presents a study on developing hydrogels based on carrageenan as a matrix for the delivery of a hydrophobic type of active, i.e. tocotrienol-rich palm-based vitamin E (TRPE) into the skin. The strength and flexibility of the hydrogel were increased by the inclusion of guar gum, potassium citrate and glycerine. The thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) results indicated a higher quantity of water in the hydrogel with glycerine while differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) showed three types of water molecules existed in the hydrogel. The hydrogel was non-irritating according to OECD Test Guideline No. 439 for in vitro skin irritation test. The hydrogel with TRPE fluids was able to permeate the polysulfone membrane and bioavailability of TRPE improved with the inclusion of PEG-40 hydrogenated castor oil mixture. Therefore, a carrageenan-based hydrogel with locust bean, guar gum, glycerine, potassium citrate and TRPE was successfully developed with good strength and flexibility and without any potential irritancy. The good bioavailability of TRPE-loaded in the hydrogel can be used for skin care application.

Keywords: , ,

Author Information
* Malaysian Palm Oil Board, 6 Persiaran Institusi Bandar Baru Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.
E-mail: cheongmy@mpob.gov.my


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