Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. 28  March 2016 p.  104-113
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21894/jopr.2016.2801.12

ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE OF PALM-BASED METHYL ESTER SULPHONATES PRODUCTION USING LIFE CYCLE APPROACH

Author(s): NOORAZAH ZOLKARNAIN*; ZULINA ABD MAURAD*; RAZMAH, G and HAZIMAH, A H*

Palm-based methyl ester sulphonates (MES) derived from palm oil through sulphona­tion process offer an inter­est­ing alter­na­tive to petroleum-based sur­fac­tants. This study was car­ried out to iden­tify any poten­tial envi­ron­men­tal impacts that could be asso­ci­ated with the pro­duc­tion of palm-based MES. Data on pilot plant pro­duc­tion were obtained from the Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB)’s MES pilot plant with 20 kg hr-1 capac­ity. Life cycle assess­ment (LCA) per­for­mance was based on rep­re­sen­ta­tive inven­tory data of MES processes for three years of pro­duc­tion. The results were analysed using Eco-indicator 99 method­ol­ogy oper­ated under SimaPro ver­sion 8.0.2 soft­ware. The sin­gle score results showed that the main impact con­trib­u­tors for MES pro­duc­tion at pilot plant scale were from pro­duc­tion of methyl ester, steam and methanol. Based on weighted score, the most sig­nif­i­cant impact cat­e­gories from this pro­duc­tion were fos­sil fuels, res­pi­ra­tory inor­gan­ics and cli­mate change. How­ever, there was no sig­nif­i­cant impact value on land use cat­e­gory since this study was con­ducted with best man­age­ment prac­tices in oil palm plan­ta­tion in Malaysia. From this study, it can be con­cluded that the pro­duc­tion of MES at pilot plant using the best approach used in the oil palm indus­try are more sus­tain­able and environmental-friendly.

Keywords: , , , , ,

Author Information
* Malaysian Palm Oil Board, 6 Persiaran Institusi, Bandar Baru Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia E-mail: azah@mpob.gov.my


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