Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. 26  2014 December p.  282-291
DOI:

WATER FOOTPRINT: PART 2 — FFB PRODUCTION FOR OIL PALM PLANTED IN MALAYSIA

Author(s): ZULKIFLI HASHIM*; HALIMAH MUHAMAD*; VIJAYA SUBRAMANIAM* and CHOO YUEN MAY*

Water account­ing across the pro­duc­tion of fresh fruit bunch (FFB) in the oil palm’s life cycle is gain­ing momen­tum aris­ing from the impor­tance placed on the need to quan­tify water foot­print (WF). This arti­cle quan­ti­fies the WF of FFB pro­duc­tion from oil palms grown in some areas in Malaysia, from an inven­tory data gath­ered from 2009–2012. The WF method­ol­ogy of Hoek­stra et al. (2009) was applied for cal­cu­lat­ing WF of FFB pro­duc­tion. The data for crop evap­o­tran­spi­ra­tion (ET) of 5.5 mm per day (Roslan and Mohd Han­iff, 2004) was used to cal­cu­late green and blue WF. The results showed that for oil palm, the FFB yield aver­age of 25-year life span was 20.7 t ha–1 yr–1. The FFB pro­duc­tion WF was 1166 m3 t–1 FFB (WFgreen, 1055; WFblue, 3.56; and WFgrey, 107 m3 t–1). The results showed that the green WF was higher than the grey or the blue WF as plant­ing of oil palm in Malaysia is with­out irri­ga­tion. Oil palm requires a lot of green water (rain water), but when the amount of rain water is lower than ET, it becomes nec­es­sary to deter­mine the water deficit of the soil in the oil palm-growing areas. This is to ensure that any short­com­ing of water can be pro­vided through irrigation.

Keywords: , ,

Author Information
* Malaysian Palm Oil Board, 6 Persiaran Institusi, Bandar Baru Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.
E-mail: zulhashim@mpob.gov.my


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